The time-symmetric block time-step (TSBTS) algorithm is a newly developed efﬁcient scheme for N-body integrations. It is constructed on an era-based iteration. In this work, we re-designed the TSBTS integration scheme with a dynamically changing era size.A number of numerical tests were performed to show the importance of choosing the size of the era, especially for long-time integrations. Our second aim was to show that the TSBTS scheme is as suitable as previously known schemes for developing parallelN-body codes. In this work, we relied on a parallel scheme using the copy algorithm for the time-symmetric scheme. We implemented a hybrid of data and task parallelization for force calculation to handle load balancing problems that can appear in practice. Using the Plummer model initial conditions for different numbers of particles, we obtained the expected efﬁciency and speedup for a small number of particles. Although parallelization of the direct N-body codes is negatively affected by the communication/calculation ratios, we obtained good load-balanced results. Moreover, we were able to conserve the advantages of the algorithm (e.g., energy conservation for long-term simulations).
M. KAPLAN and H. SAYGIN; “A Dynamic Era Based Time-Symmetric Block Time-Step Algorithm with Parallel Implementations“, Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, Vol. 64, No.3, pp. 45-54 (2012).